A description of the noble gases

Radon is highly radioactive ; its only uses have been those that exploit this property e. Because of these very stable arrangements, noble gas atoms have little or no tendency to gain or lose electrons, as they would have to do to take part in a chemical reaction.

Screened from the nucleus by intervening electrons, the outer valence electrons of the atoms of the heavier noble gases are held less firmly and can be removed ionized more easily from the atoms than can the electrons of the lighter noble gases.

Noble gases

What elements are noble gases? The other noble gases are present in such small amounts that it is usually more convenient to express their concentrations in terms of parts per million ppm. These are compounds such as ArF and KrF that are stable only when in an excited electronic state ; some of them find application in excimer lasers.

Noble gases are often used to create a safe or inert atmosphere due to their stable nature. And because they emit a brilliant white light when electrified, they are used in photographic flash equipment.

However, due to the high radioactivity and short half-life of radon isotopesonly a few fluorides and oxides of radon have been formed in practice.

In a theory of chemical bonding advanced by American chemist Gilbert N. Ramsay and his coworkers searched for related gases and by fractional distillation of liquid air discovered kryptonneonand xenonall in In the French chemist Henri Moissanwho discovered elemental fluorine in and was awarded a Nobel Prize in for that discovery, failed in an attempt to bring about a reaction between fluorine and argon.

Krypton gets its name from the Greek word "kryptos" meaning "the hidden one. Most elements with atomic numbers greater than 92—i. Several important uses of the noble gases depend on their reluctance to react chemically. Abundance and production As their former name suggests, the noble gases are rather uncommon on Earth.

For instance, argon, krypton, and xenon form clathrates with hydroquinonebut helium and neon do not because they are too small or insufficiently polarizable to be retained. It boils at 4. Xenon gets its name from the Greek word "xenos" which means "stranger or foreigner.

Neon is well known for its use in neon signs.The other noble gases are present in such small amounts that it is usually more convenient to express their concentrations in terms of parts per million (ppm).

The concentrations of neon, helium, krypton, and xenon are, respectively, 18 ppm, 5 ppm, 1 ppm, and ppm. Noble gases synonyms, Noble gases pronunciation, Noble gases translation, English dictionary definition of Noble gases.

n. Any of the elements in Group 18 of the periodic table, including helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and. The noble gases have extremely low reactivity with other substances because they have a filled outer Job Description & Career Info Inert Gas: Definition, Types & Examples Related Study.

The noble gases are a group of elements in the periodic table. They are located to the far right of the periodic table and make up the eighteenth column.

Elements in the noble gas family have atoms with a full outer shell of electrons. The noble gases, also known as the inert gases or rare gases, are located in Group VIII of the periodic table. This is the column of elements along the far right side of the periodic table. This is the column of elements along the far right side of the periodic table.

The six noble gases are found in group 18 of the periodic table. These elements were considered to be inert gases until the 's, because their oxidation number of 0 prevents the noble gases from forming compounds readily.

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A description of the noble gases
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