Physical and logical database design

The information that needs to be gathered is about organizational units, business entities, and business processes. For example, most relational database systems have variations with the way data types are represented and the way data is stored, although basic data types are conceptually the same among different implementations.

Conceptual, logical and Physical data model

The logical design is more conceptual and abstract than the physical design. Making primary keys of type INT is almost purely arbitrary. Logical Databases About the Author Jonathan Lister has been a writer and content marketer since Logical Database Model Logical database modeling is required for compiling business requirements and representing the requirements as a model.

Business process diagram—It shows the activities of individuals within the company. Logical Database Requirements A logical database can stretch over multiple physical hard disks and information files. Table names should therefore conform to SQL naming rules.

Unique identifiers become columns that are not allowed to have NULL values. Attributes become columns in the physical database.

The requirements for a logical and physical database vary by size and design parameters.

Logical Versus Physical Database Modeling

Server model diagram—It includes tables and columns and different relationships that exist within a database. In the physical design, you look at the most effective way of storing and retrieving the objects. It is almost arbitrary because it is actually faster to search on numeric fields in many database engines.

Once the information is compiled, reports and diagrams are made, including these: It is mainly associated with the gathering of business needs rather than the database design. Feedback documentation by users.

While they all contain entities and relationships, they differ in the purposes they are created for and audiences they are meant to target. It is software specific. Stephens and Ronald R.

Physical Database Design

The diagrams and documentation generated during logical modeling is used to determine whether the requirements of the business have been completely gathered. Logical database models basically determine if all the requirements of the business have been gathered.

Conceptual ERD is the simplest model among all. It is more complex than conceptual model in that column types are set. It shows how the data moves within the organization based on which application interface can be designed.

For relational database systems, it is relatively easy to translate from a logical data model into a physical database. It has nothing to do with database creation yet. Other objects such as indexes and snapshots can also be defined during physical modeling.

A database design effort is normally associated with one schema. Consider creating a unique index on the identifiers to enforce uniqueness. A flash drive cannot operate without a device with an adequate power source.

A physical database also needs a power source to access information.

Difference Between Logical and Physical Database Model

A company is the largest -- next to a database -- housing separate, large groups of data. Primary keys, unique keys, and foreign keys are defined in order to provide constraints. Normally, the more physical drives available, the better the performance of the database after the implementation.

For example, a flash drive designed to hold up to 2 gigabytes of information needs a personal computer or another USB-connected device to allow access to the information stored on the equipment.

Once the information is compiled, reports and diagrams are made, including these: Please spread the word. A star schema keeps queries simple and provides fast response time because all the information about each level is stored in one row.

Updated on May 2, Doc navigation.2 Overview of Logical Design. This chapter tells how to design a data warehousing environment, and includes the following topics: Logical vs.

Physical. The requirements for a logical and physical database vary by size and design parameters. A logical database must be able to access and identify all files within the storage system to operate.

Logical Database Model.

Logical and Physical Database Requirements

Logical database modeling is required for compiling business requirements and representing the requirements as a model. It is mainly associated with the gathering of business needs rather than the database design. Jul 22,  · Logical vs Physical Database Model. Logical and physical database models are required in order to visually present the database that has been proposed for a certain business requirement.

Data Modeling

The models help in showing the association of business requirements and the database 5/5(1). During the physical design process, you convert the data gathered during the logical design phase into a description of the physical database, including tables and constraints.

Physical design decisions, such as the type of index or partitioning have a large impact on query performance. Data Warehousing > Concepts > Data Modeling - Conceptual, Logical, And Physical Data Models The three levels of data modeling, conceptual data model, logical data model, and physical data model, were discussed in prior sections.

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Physical and logical database design
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